Contact Us


Wimmera CMA

Street Address:
24 Darlot Street, Horsham, 3400
(enter via Gleed St)

Postal Address:
PO Box 479, Horsham, VIC, 3402
Phone: (03) 5382 1544
Fax: (03) 5382 6076
Office Hours:
Monday to Friday, 8:30 - 5:00pm
(excluding Public Holidays and Christmas - New Year Closure.  Office may also be closed for short periods Monday mornings)

Threatened Plants & Animals

Threatened species are often vulnerable or at risk of extinction. Threatened species are divided into these categories: extinct, extinct in the wild, critically endangered, endangered, vulnerable, and near threatened. As there are many threatened flora and fauna species in the Wimmera, Wimmera CMA’s efforts are focussed on landscape-scale protection of habitat. Investment is also focussed towards scientific based on-ground actions that make a difference.

What are threatened species?

Threatened species are a species of plant or animal that has been identified and declared under either the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act 1999, or (in Victoria) the Flora and Fauna Guarantee (FFG) Act 1988, to fall into one of the following categories:

Extinct The species has definitely not been seen in the wild in the past 50 years
'Extinct in the Wild' The species only exists in captivity, and no longer in the wild
Critically Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of becoming extinct very soon.
Endangered The species is in danger of becoming extinct (in 10-20 years).
This includes species that may be extinct but have been seen in the wild less than 50 years ago.
Vulnerable The species is likely to move into the Endangered category soon if conditions do not change (in 20-50 years).
Near Threatened Species whose numbers are dropping and is close to becoming vulnerable or endangered.
Caladenia Formosa OrchidCaladenia Formosa
Commonly known as
Blood-red Spider-orchid

Both the EPBC Act and the FFG Act have Scientific Advisory Committees established, who advise the Ministers on the listing of communities of plants and animals and potentially threatening processes. Nominations are made to these committees, to either add or remove a species from the Threatened listings, who then determine whether the nomination is valid and assesses if it satisfies the Threatened Listing category criteria.

In the Wimmera

Across the Wimmera, small and isolated populations of threatened plants and animals can be found. Habitat loss, land use change, and invasive plants and animals have been the primary threats. In general, there is an intrinsic relationship between the amount of native vegetation and wellbeing of species that rely on it for habitat.

The EPBC Act 1999, encourages the development of recovery plans for nationally threatened species and communities. Regional-based recovery teams implement these plans. Researchers, public land managers (such as DEPI and Parks Victoria,) natural resource managers (such as Wimmera CMA,) and conservation-minded community representatives contribute to these teams. The Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Malleefowl, and threatened orchids are some of the species serviced by regional recovery teams based in western Victoria.

Some examples of rare, threatened, or endangered species in the Wimmera include:

Threatened Fauna List in the Wimmera

Common Name Scientific name Australia - Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act List: Victoria - Threatened species advisory lists
Brush-tailed Phascogale Phascogale tapoatafa tapoatafa Vulnerable
Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby Petrogale penicillata Vulnerable
Eastern Pygmy Possum Cercartetus nanus Near threatened
Fat-tailed Dunnart Sminthopsis crassicaudata Near threatened
Heath Mouse Pseudomys shortridgei Near threatened
Mallee Ningaui Ningaui yvonneae Near threatened
Mitchell's Hopping Mouse Notomys mitchelli Near threatened
Platypus Ornithorhynchus anatinus Threatened in the Wimmera
Silky Mouse Pseudomys apodemoides Near threatened
Smoky Mouse Pseudomys fumeus Endangered
Southern bent-wing Bat Miniopterus schreibersii bassanii Critically Endangered
Southern Brown Bandicoot Isoodon obesulus obesulus Endangered
Squirrel Glider Petaurus norfolcensis Endangered
Tiger Quoll/Spotted Tail Quoll Dasyurus maculatus maculatus Endangered
Australian Bustard Ardeotis australis Critically endangered
Australian painted snipe Rostratula australis Endangered
Azure Kingfisher Alcedo azurea Near threatened
Barking Owl Ninox connivens connivens Endangered
Black Falcon Falco subniger Vulnerable
Brolga Grus rubicunda Vulnerable
Brown Treecreeper (south-eastern subspecies) Climacteris picumnus victoriae Near threatened
Bush Stone-curlew Burhinus grallarius Endangered
Diamond firetail Stagonopleura guttata Near threatened
Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae Near threatened
Freckled Duck Stictonetta naevosa Endangered
Grey- crowned Babbler Pomatostomus temporalis temporalis Endangered
Hooded Robin Melanodryas cucullata cucullata Near threatened
Major Mitchell Cockatoo Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri Vulnerable
Mallee Emu-wren Stipiturus mallee Endangered
Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata Vulnerable
Nankeen Night Heron Nycticorax caledonicus hillii Near threatened
Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax varius Near threatened
Plains Wanderer Pedionomus torquatus Vulnerable
Powerful Owl Ninox strenua Vulnerable
Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii graptogyne Endangered
Regent Parrot (eastern) Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides Vulnerable
Royal Spoonbill Platelea regia Near threatened
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis Near threatened
Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor Endangered
Bearded Dragon Pogona barbata Vulnerable
Growling Grass frog Litoria raniformis Vulnerable
Inland Carpet Python Morelia spilota metcalfei Endangered
Rosenberg's Goanna Varanus rosenbergi Endangered
Striped Legless Lizard Delma impar Vulnerable
Woodland Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops proximus Near threatened
Dwarf Galaxias Galaxiella pusilla Vulnerable
Yarra Pygmy Perch Nannoperca obscura Vulnerable
Invertebrate - Insects
Buloke cicada Cicadetta sp.aff. tigris Threatened in the Wimmera
Eltham Copper Butterfly Paralucia pyrodiscus lucida Endangered
Golden Sun-moth Synemon plana Critically Endangered
Pale Sun-moth Synemon selene Threatened in the Wimmera
Rayed Blue (Lake Wyn Wyn subspecies) Candalides heathi 'Wimmera form' Critically endangered


Threatened Flora List in the Wimmera

Botanical name Common name Australia - Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act List: Victoria - Threatened species advisory lists
Acacia enterocarpa Jumping Jack Wattle Endangered Endangered in Victoria
Acacia glandulicarpa Hairy Pod Wattle Vulnerable Vulnerable in Victoria
Acacia oswaldii Umbrella wattle Vulnerable
Acacia sp.aff.rigens (Gerang Gerung) Smooth Nealie Vulnerable
Acacia trineura Three-nerve Wattle Vulnerable
Acacia X grayana Wimmera Wattle Rare in Victoria
Allocasurina grampiana Grampians sheoak Rare
Amyema linophylla subsp. orientale Buloke mistletoe Vulnerable
Arachnorchis formosa - Caladenia formosa Elegant Spider–orchid Vulnerable Vulnerable
Arachnorchis fulva - Caladenia fulva Tawny Spider Orchid Endangered Endangered
Asperula wimmerana Wimmera Woodruff Rare
Borya mirabilis Grampians Pincushion-lily Endangered Endangered
Brachyscome chrysoglossa Yellow tongue daisy Vulnerable
Caladenia audasii McIvor Spider orchid Endangered Endangered
Caladenia lowanesis Wimmera Spider Orchid Endangered Endangered
Caladenia tensa Rigid Spider Orchid Endangered Vulnerable
Caladenia versicolour Candy Spider Orchid Vulnerable Endangered
Caladenia xanthochila Yellow-lip Spider Orchid Endangered Endangered
Callistemon wimmerensis Wimmera Bottlebrush Critically endangered Vulnerable
Cassinia tegulata Avenue Cassinia Critically endangered
Casuriarina obesa Swamp Sheoak Endangered
Chenopodium desertorum subsp. desertorum Frosted Goosefoot Rare
Comesperma polygaloides Small Milkwort Vulnerable
Daviesia laevis Grampians Bitter Pea Vulnerable Vulnerable
Dodonaea procumbens Trailing Hop-bush Vulnerable Vulnerable
Epacris impressa var. grandiflora Grampians heath Rare
Eremophila gibbifolia Coccid Emu-bush Rare
Eriocaulon australasicum Southern Pipewort Endangered Endangered
Eucalyptus aff. goniocalyx (Grampians) Rock Bundy Rare
Eucalyptus aff. goniocalyx (Wimmera) Wimmera Bundy Poorly known in Victoria
Eucalyptus aff. phenax (Jeparit) Jeparit Mallee Poorly known
Eucalyptus calycogona subsp. calycogona Red Mallee Endangered
Eucalyptus sp. aff. dumosa Antwerp Mallee Poorly known
Eucalyptus sp. aff. dumosa (Nhill) White Mallee Endangered
Eucalyptus sp. aff. odorata (Little Desert) Little Desert Mallee Endangered
Eucalyptus sp. aff. odorata (Mt Arapiles) Arapiles Peppermint-box Vulnerable
Eucalyptus sp. aff. viminalis (Northern Wimmera) Wimmera Manna-gum Poorly known
Eucalyptus wimmerensis Wimmera Mallee-box Rare
Eucalyptus yarriambiack Poorly known
Grevillea confertifolia Grampians Grevillea Rare
Lepidium monoplocoides Winged Peppercress Endangered Endangered
Maireana cheelii Chariot wheels Vulnerable Vulnerable
Melaleuca halmaturorum subsp. halmaturorum Salt paperbark Vulnerable
Microseris sp. 1 Plains Yam-daisy Vulnerable
Muehlenbeckia horrida subsp. Horrida Spiny Lignum Rare
Myriophyllum porcatum Ridged Water-milfoil Vulnerable
Olearia sp. 1 Wimmera Daisy-bush Endangered
Paracaleana sp. aff. nigrita (Horsham) Grampians Duck Orchid Endangered
Pimelea pagophila Grampians Rice–flower Vulnerable Vulnerable
Pimelea spinescens subsp. pubiflora Wimmera Rice Flower Critically endangered Endangered
Pimelea spinescens subsp. spinescens Spiny Rice–flower Critically endangered Vulnerable
Prasophyllum aff. fitzgeraldii B Deep Lead Leek-orchid Endangered
Prasophyllum aff. pyriforme B Grampians Leek-orchid Vulnerable
Prasophyllum aff. validum B Woodland Leek-orchid Vulnerable Endangered
Prostanthera sp. (Mt Arapiles) Mt Arapiles Spiny Mint-bush Vulnerable
Pterostylis cheraphila Floodplain Rusty Hood Orchid Vulnerable Vulnerable
Sclerolaena napiformis Turnip Copper Burr Endangered Endangered
Senecio linearifolius var. 3 (Grampians) Fireweed Groundsel (Grampians variant) Rare
Senecio macrocarpus Large–fruit Fireweed Vulnerable Endangered
Spyridium sp. Little Desert Forked Spyridium Endangered Endangered
Swainsona murrayana Slender Darling pea Vulnerable Endangered
Tecticornia flabelliformis Bead Glasswort Vulnerable Endangered
Thelymitra epipactoides Metallic Sun Orchid Endangered Endangered
Thryptomene calycina Grampians Thryptomene Rare
Trichanthodium baracchianum Dwarf Yellow heads Vulnerable Vulnerable
Westringia crassifolia Whipstick Westringia Endangered Endangered


Ecological Vegetation Classes (EVC)

It is not only plants or animals that can be threatened, Ecological Vegetation Classes (EVCs) can also be listed,
EVCs are the standard unit for classifying vegetation types in Victoria,. EVCs are described through a combination of plants, lifeforms and ecological characteristics, and through an inferred fidelity to particular environmental attributes. 
Each EVC includes a collection of plant communities that occur across a biogeographic range, and although differing in species, have similar habitat and ecological processes operating.

Some threatened EVCs in the Wimmera:

EVC Threatened Status
Buloke Woodlands of the Riverina and Murray-Darling Depression Bioregions
- Recovery Plan
Grey Box (Eucalyptus microcarpa) Grassy Woodlands and Derived Native Grasslands of South-eastern Australia
- Recovery Plan
Seasonal Herbeacous Wetlands (Freshwater) of the Temperate Lowland Plains Endangered
Natural Grasslands of the Murray Valley Plains Endangered

What is the Wimmera CMA doing to help?

Wimmera CMA’s activities include:

  • community awareness raising activities
  • monitoring to assess how natural resource management projects are influencing biodiversity. An example of this was Wimmera CMA’s bird monitoring program, which collected information on bird populations to provide a general indication of changes in environmental health
  • providing financial support to implement projects that provide advice and financial assistance to landholders to protect remnant vegetation and carry out revegetation works on private land to create more and better habitats
  • undertaking research to provide the information necessary for making better management decisions
  • undertaking works and funding projects to eradicate pest plant and animals (i.e. rabbit warren ripping, blackberry, and poisoning)